Preventing HIV and STDs
There are many ways to prevent human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). These methods include, but are not limited to, using condoms, reducing the number of sex partners, using lube during anal sex, and PrEP to reduce the risk of HIV infection.
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Pre-exposure Prophlaxis (PrEP)
Want more protection against HIV? Talk to your doctor about pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP). When taken once a day as directed, PrEP has been shown to reduce the risk of HIV infection in high-risk people by up to 92 percent. Note: PrEP only lowers your risk for HIV infection. It does not prevent other STDs
PrEP can be thought of in a similar way to birth control pills - When birth control is taken regularly and as prescribed (once per day, around the same time each day), birth control can help prevent unplanned pregnancy. If you take PrEP as prescribed (once per day, around the same time each day), you significantly lower your risk of HIV infection.
Need more info? Check out this website to find out how PrEP helps keep you negative and to find PrEP providers in your area.
Post-exposure Prophylaxis (PEP)
PEP stands for post-exposure prophylaxis. PEP is medication that can be taken after being exposed to HIV.
PEP must be started within 72 hours after a recent possible exposure to HIV, but the sooner you start PEP, the better. Every hour counts. If you are prescribed PEP, you will need to take it once or twice daily for 28 days. PEP is effective in preventing HIV when administered correctly, but does not work 100% of the time. Reference: CDC PEP Basics
To learn more about PEP in Michigan, click here.